July 25, 1943 – Mussolini falls from power

July 25, 1943 – Mussolini falls from power

On this day in 1943, Benito Mussolini, fascist dictator of Italy, is voted out of power by his own Grand Council and arrested upon leaving a meeting with King Vittorio Emanuele, who tells Il Duce that the war is lost.

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July 8, 1943 – German general’s diary reveals Hitler’s plans for Russia

July 8, 1943 – German general’s diary reveals Hitler’s plans for Russia

On this day in 1943, upon the German army’s invasion of Pskov, 180 miles from Leningrad, Russia, the chief of the German army general staff, General Franz Halder, records in his diary Hitler’s plans for Moscow and Leningrad: “To dispose fully of their population, which otherwise we shall have to feed during the winter.”

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July 4, 1943 – Polish general fighting for justice dies tragically

July 4, 1943 – Polish general fighting for justice dies tragically

On this day in 1943, Polish General Wladyslaw Sikorski dies when his plane crashes less than a mile from its takeoff point at Gibraltar.

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