January 22, 1980– Sakharov arrested in Moscow

January 22, 1980– Sakharov arrested in Moscow

In Moscow, Andrei Dmitriyevich Sakharov, the Soviet physicist who helped build the USSR’s first hydrogen bomb, is arrested after criticizing the Soviet military intervention in Afghanistan.

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January 14, 1980 – United Nations vote “deplores” Soviet intervention in Afghanistan

January 14, 1980 – United Nations vote “deplores” Soviet intervention in Afghanistan

In a crushing diplomatic rebuke to the Soviet Union, the U.N. General Assembly votes 104 to 18 to “deplore” the Russian intervention in Afghanistan.

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December 24, 1979 – Soviet tanks roll into Afghanistan

Resistance fighters, called mujahidin, saw the Christian or atheist Soviets controlling Afghanistan as a defilement of Islam as well as of their traditional culture. Proclaiming a “jihad” (holy war), they gained the support of the Islamic world.

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December 5, 1978 – USSR and Afghanistan sign “friendship treaty”

December 5, 1978 – USSR and Afghanistan sign “friendship treaty”

In an effort to prop up an unpopular pro-Soviet regime in Afghanistan, the Soviet Union signs a “friendship treaty” with the Afghan government agreeing to provide economic and military assistance.

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