November 27, 1095 – Pope Urban II orders first Crusade

November 27, 1095 – Pope Urban II orders first Crusade

Pope Urban II makes perhaps the most influential speech of the Middle Ages, giving rise to the Crusades by calling all Christians in Europe to war against Muslims in order to reclaim the Holy Land.

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December 27, 1831 – HMS Beagle departs England

December 27, 1831 – HMS Beagle departs England

British naturalist Charles Darwin sets out from Plymouth, England, aboard the HMS Beagle on a five-year surveying expedition of the southern Atlantic and Pacific oceans.

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