Alexander Dubcek, former Czechoslovak leader and architect of the “Prague Spring,” is elected chairman of the new multiparty Czechoslovak parliament. It was the first time Dubcek held public office since being deprived of Communist Party membership in 1970.» Read more
December 20, 1989 – U.S. invades Panama
The United States invades Panama in an attempt to overthrow military dictator Manuel Noriega.» Read more
December 20, 1941 – Hitler to Halder: No retreat!
On this day, in one of his first acts as the new commander in chief of the German army, Adolf Hitler informs General Franz Halder that there will be no retreating from the Russian front near Moscow.» Read more
December 20, 1963 – Berlin Wall opened for first time
More than two years after the Berlin Wall was constructed by East Germany to prevent its citizens from fleeing its communist regime, nearly 4,000 West Berliners are allowed to cross into East Berlin to visit relatives.» Read more