November 20, 1945 – Nuremberg Trials begin

November 20, 1945 – Nuremberg Trials begin

This day marks the start of the International War Crimes Tribunal in Nuremberg, Germany, during which 24 high-ranking Nazis are held accountable for atrocities perpetrated during World War II.

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October 7, 1949 – East Germany created

October 7, 1949 – East Germany created

Less than five months after Great Britain, the United States, and France established the Federal Republic of Germany in West Germany, the Democratic Republic of Germany is proclaimed within the Soviet occupation zone.

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September 27, 1940 – Germany, Italy, and Japan sign the Tripartite Pact

September 27, 1940 – Germany, Italy, and Japan sign the Tripartite Pact

On this day in 1940, the Axis powers are formed as Germany, Italy, and Japan become allies with the signing of the Tripartite Pact in Berlin.

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July 13, 1943 – Largest tank battle in history ends

July 13, 1943 – Largest tank battle in history ends

The Battle of Kursk, involving some 6,000 tanks, two million men, and 5,000 aircraft, ends with the German offensive repulsed by the Soviets at heavy cost.

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July 2, 1900 – Zeppelin demonstrates airship

July 2, 1900 – Zeppelin demonstrates airship

In the sky over Germany’s Lake Constance, Count Ferdinand Graf von Zeppelin, a retired Prussian army officer, successfully demonstrates the world’s first rigid airship.

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June 18, 1940 – Hitler and Mussolini meet in Munich

June 18, 1940 – Hitler and Mussolini meet in Munich

On this day in 1940, Benito Mussolini arrives in Munich with his foreign minister, Count Ciano, to discuss immediate plans with the Fuhrer, and doesn’t like what he hears.

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