July 4, 1776 – United States declares independence

July 4, 1776 – United States declares independence

After a decade of economic conflict with Great Britain, the 13 colonies answer King George III’s flat refusal of political reform with a call for revolution.

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June 17, 1579 – Drake claims California for England

June 17, 1579 – Drake claims California for England

During his circumnavigation of the world, English seaman Francis Drake anchors in a harbor just north of present-day San Francisco, California, and claims the territory for Queen Elizabeth I.

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June 15, 1846 – U.S.-Canadian border established

June 15, 1846 – U.S.-Canadian border established

Representatives of Great Britain and the United States sign the Oregon Treaty, which settles a long-standing dispute with Britain over who controlled the Oregon territory.

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May 10, 1940 – Churchill becomes prime minister

May 10, 1940 – Churchill becomes prime minister

Winston Churchill, First Lord of the Admiralty, is called to replace Neville Chamberlain as British prime minister following the latter’s resignation after losing a confidence vote in the House of Commons.

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