September 27, 1940 – Germany, Italy, and Japan sign the Tripartite Pact

September 27, 1940 – Germany, Italy, and Japan sign the Tripartite Pact

On this day in 1940, the Axis powers are formed as Germany, Italy, and Japan become allies with the signing of the Tripartite Pact in Berlin.

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August 24, 79AD – Vesuvius erupts

August 24, 79AD – Vesuvius erupts

Mount Vesuvius erupts near Pompeii in southern Italy. Although roughly half the citizens of Pompeii escaped toward the sea, more than 2,000 people were buried under seven feet of molten lava, ash, and pumice.

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July 25, 1943 – Mussolini falls from power

July 25, 1943 – Mussolini falls from power

On this day in 1943, Benito Mussolini, fascist dictator of Italy, is voted out of power by his own Grand Council and arrested upon leaving a meeting with King Vittorio Emanuele, who tells Il Duce that the war is lost.

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June 18, 1940 – Hitler and Mussolini meet in Munich

June 18, 1940 – Hitler and Mussolini meet in Munich

On this day in 1940, Benito Mussolini arrives in Munich with his foreign minister, Count Ciano, to discuss immediate plans with the Fuhrer, and doesn’t like what he hears.

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