January 5, 1968 – Prague Spring begins in Czechoslovakia

January 5, 1968 – Prague Spring begins in Czechoslovakia

Alexander Dubcek’s effort to establish “communism with a human face” was celebrated across the country, and the brief period of freedom became known as the “Prague Spring.” Dubcek replaced Antonin Novotny, the Stalinist ruler of Czechoslovakia.

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January 5, 1895 – Dreyfus affair in France

January 5, 1895 – Dreyfus affair in France

French officer Alfred Dreyfus, condemned for passing military secrets to the Germans, is stripped of his rank in a humiliating public ceremony in the courtyard of Paris’ Ecole Militaire. French novelist Émile Zola led public condemnation of the decision, writing an open letter entitled J’Accuse.

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