August 2, 1934 – Hitler becomes Führer

August 2, 1934 – Hitler becomes Führer

With the death of German President Paul von Hindenburg, Chancellor Adolf Hitler becomes absolute dictator of Germany under the title of Fuhrer, or “Leader.”

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June 18, 1940 – Hitler and Mussolini meet in Munich

June 18, 1940 – Hitler and Mussolini meet in Munich

On this day in 1940, Benito Mussolini arrives in Munich with his foreign minister, Count Ciano, to discuss immediate plans with the Fuhrer, and doesn’t like what he hears.

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January 19, 1983 – Butcher of Lyons arrested in Bolivia

January 19, 1983 – Butcher of Lyons arrested in Bolivia

Klaus Barbie, the Nazi Gestapo chief of Lyons, France, during the German occupation, is arrested in Bolivia for his crimes against humanity four decades earlier.

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October 29, 1942 – The British protest against the persecution of Jews

October 29, 1942 – The British protest against the persecution of Jews

On this day in 1942, leading British clergymen and political figures hold a public meeting to register their outrage over the persecution of Jews by Nazi Germany.

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