August 19, 1934 – Hitler is elected president of Germany

August 19, 1934 – Hitler is elected president of Germany

On this day in 1934, Adolf Hitler, already chancellor, is also elected president of Germany in an unprecedented consolidation of power in the short history of the republic

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August 7, 1942 – Volkswagen halts production during World War II

August 7, 1942 – Volkswagen halts production during World War II

On this day in 1944, under the threat of Allied bombing during World War II, the German car manufacturer Volkswagen halts production of the “Beetle,” as its small, insect-shaped automobile was dubbed in the international press.

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August 5, 1944 – Hundreds of Jews are freed from forced labor in Warsaw

August 5, 1944 – Hundreds of Jews are freed from forced labor in Warsaw

On this day in 1944, Polish insurgents liberate a German forced-labor camp in Warsaw, freeing 348 Jewish prisoners, who join in a general uprising against the German occupiers of the city.

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August 2, 1934 – Hitler becomes Führer

August 2, 1934 – Hitler becomes Führer

With the death of German President Paul von Hindenburg, Chancellor Adolf Hitler becomes absolute dictator of Germany under the title of Fuhrer, or “Leader.”

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August 2, 1939 – Einstein urges U.S. atomic action

August 2, 1939 – Einstein urges U.S. atomic action

From his home on Long Island, New York, German-born physicist Albert Einstein writes to President Franklin D. Roosevelt, urging “watchfulness and, if necessary, quick action” on the part of the United States in atomic research.

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July 25, 1943 – Mussolini falls from power

July 25, 1943 – Mussolini falls from power

On this day in 1943, Benito Mussolini, fascist dictator of Italy, is voted out of power by his own Grand Council and arrested upon leaving a meeting with King Vittorio Emanuele, who tells Il Duce that the war is lost.

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