According to legend, on April 21, 753 B.C., Romulus and his twin brother Remus found Rome on the site where the twins were suckled by a she-wolf as orphaned infants. Romulus would later murder Remus and name the settlement after himself.
Over the next 1,000 years, the city of Rome grew steadily from a regional power to the heart of the great Roman Empire. After centuries of domination in the classical world, Emperor Constantine transferred the empire’s capital to Constantinople in 330 A.D., and the mighty city of Rome fell prey to barbarian invasions.
Although the papacy stood firm in Rome into the Middle Ages, it was not until the 15th century that Pope Nicholas V began to restore Rome to its former grandeur.