On August 13, 1941, the government established the formation of the Canadian Women’s Army Corps (CWAC). The CWAC was formed in response to the shortage of personnel due to the increase in size of the Canadian navy, army and air force during WWII. For the first time, Canadian women were trained for service in the Canadian Armed Forces.
Women were recruited to carry out non-combatant roles such as drivers, cooks, secretaries, messengers and mechanics. The CWAC was terminated as a separate corps in 1964 when women were fully integrated into the Canadian Armed Forces.
Image courtesy of Library and Archives Canada and the Department of National Defence