The so-called Six Day War ends on this day, as an outnumbered Israel defeats its Arab antagonists and greatly expands its borders. On June 5, 1967, Israel responded to a build-up of Arab forces along its borders by launching simultaneous attacks against Egypt and Syria. Jordan subsequently entered the fray, but the Arab coalition was no match for Israel’s proficient armed forces.
When the Six-Day War ended on June 10, Israel suddenly had control of territory three times its original size. However, the true fruits of victory came in claiming the old city of Jerusalem from Jordan. Many wept while bent in prayer at the Western Wall of the Second Temple. Arab leaders, forced to accept a U.N. cease-fire, met in August to discuss the future of Israel. They decided upon a policy of no peace, no negotiations, and no recognition of Israel, and made plans to zealously defend the rights of Palestinian Arabs in the occupied territories.