May 31, 1962 – Eichmann executed in Israel

May 31, 1962 – Eichmann executed in Israel

Adolf Eichmann, the architect of the Nazi holocaust, is hanged in Israel for his crimes against humanity. During World War II, Adolf Hitler enlisted Eichmann to carry out his final solution to the Jewish question–the extermination of millions of Jews in Nazi death camps. Eichmann did so with horrifying efficiency until his arrest by U.S. troops in 1945.

In 1946, he escaped before he could stand trial at Nuremburg, fleeing to the Middle East under an assumed name. In 1950, he arrived in Argentina, where he lived until Israeli agents captured him on May 11, 1960. He was then secretly extradited to Israel, where he was tried as a war criminal. After his execution, his body was cremated and the ashes thrown into the sea.