August 19, 1934 – Hitler is elected president of Germany

August 19, 1934 – Hitler is elected president of Germany

On this day in 1934, Adolf Hitler, already chancellor, is also elected president of Germany in an unprecedented consolidation of power in the short history of the republic

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August 18, 1933 – Director Roman Polanski born

August 18, 1933 – Director Roman Polanski born

On this day in 1933, Roman Polanski, the director of such films as Rosemary’s Baby, Chinatown and The Pianist, is born Rajmund Roman Liebling in Paris, France.

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August 17, 1999 – Earthquake strikes Turkey

August 17, 1999 – Earthquake strikes Turkey

Just after 3 a.m., an earthquake measuring 7.4 on the Richter scale strikes northwestern Turkey, home to one-third of the country’s population and half its industry.

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August 17, 1987 – Hitler’s last living henchman dies

August 17, 1987 – Hitler’s last living henchman dies

Rudolf Hess, Nazi leader Adolf Hitler’s former deputy, is found strangled to death in Spandau Prison in Berlin at the age of 93, apparently the victim of suicide.

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