August 17, 1987 – Hitler’s last living henchman dies

August 17, 1987 – Hitler’s last living henchman dies

Rudolf Hess, Nazi leader Adolf Hitler’s former deputy, is found strangled to death in Spandau Prison in Berlin at the age of 93, apparently the victim of suicide.

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August 2, 1934 – Hitler becomes Führer

August 2, 1934 – Hitler becomes Führer

With the death of German President Paul von Hindenburg, Chancellor Adolf Hitler becomes absolute dictator of Germany under the title of Fuhrer, or “Leader.”

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August 2, 1939 – Einstein urges U.S. atomic action

August 2, 1939 – Einstein urges U.S. atomic action

From his home on Long Island, New York, German-born physicist Albert Einstein writes to President Franklin D. Roosevelt, urging “watchfulness and, if necessary, quick action” on the part of the United States in atomic research.

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July 11, 1944 – Hitler is paid a visit by his would-be assassin

July 11, 1944 – Hitler is paid a visit by his would-be assassin

On this day in 1944, Count Claus von Stauffenberg, a German army officer, transports a bomb to Adolf Hitler’s headquarters in Berchtesgaden, in Bavaria, with the intention of assassinating the Fuhrer.

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July 8, 1943 – German general’s diary reveals Hitler’s plans for Russia

July 8, 1943 – German general’s diary reveals Hitler’s plans for Russia

On this day in 1943, upon the German army’s invasion of Pskov, 180 miles from Leningrad, Russia, the chief of the German army general staff, General Franz Halder, records in his diary Hitler’s plans for Moscow and Leningrad: “To dispose fully of their population, which otherwise we shall have to feed during the winter.”

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July 7, 1942 – Himmler decides to begin medical experiments on Auschwitz prisoners

July 7, 1942 – Himmler decides to begin medical experiments on Auschwitz prisoners

On this day in 1942, Heinrich Himmler, in league with three others, including a physician, decides to begin experimenting on women in the Auschwitz concentration camps and to investigate extending this experimentation on males.

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June 18, 1940 – Hitler and Mussolini meet in Munich

June 18, 1940 – Hitler and Mussolini meet in Munich

On this day in 1940, Benito Mussolini arrives in Munich with his foreign minister, Count Ciano, to discuss immediate plans with the Fuhrer, and doesn’t like what he hears.

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